BERITA BOHONG (HOAKS) PADA MEDIA SOSIAL DALAM PERSPEKTIF PERUNDANG-UNDANGAN DI INDONESIA

Anny Susilowati Susilowati

Abstract


Abstract

 

This research is motivated by the rise of hoaxes every time before the  Presidential Election (Pilpres) in Indonesia. Later hoaxes are increasingly massive  and have entered all lines of life, so it is very difficult to determine which news is  good and where lies. For this reason, it is necessary to clarify the formulation of  juridical regulations, regarding hoax aspects that can be held accountable.This research then sets two goals, namely: First, to analyze and explain a number of laws and regulations relating to hoaxes; Second, to analyze and explain  the hoax criteria contained in social media.This research method uses a type of normative legal research, with three approaches as the basis of its analysis, namely: Approach to legislation, namely to  conduct an analysis of legislation about hoaxes, with a review of relevant product  laws.

Conceptual approach, through this approach, researchers study views and  doctrines in law, then find ideas that give birth to legal notions, legal concepts and  legal principles relevant to hoaxes. As well as the case approach, namely by  examining cases relating to the issues faced which have become court decisions and have permanent legal force.The results showed that hoax qualifications that could be liable by  referring to Law Number 1 Year 1946 concerning Criminal Law Regulations,  Article 14 and 15 and Law Number 19 Year 2016 concerning amendments to Law  Number 11 Year 2008 concerning Electronic Information and Transactions (ITE)  article 28 paragraph (1). In Law No. 1 of 1946 the perpetrators can be charged if they have fulfilled the element intentionally or have the intention to cause trouble  and the person must at least have the presumption that the news is false news. 

Whereas in Act No. 19 of 2016 the culprit can be snared if everyone intentionally  means that they have bad intentions and without the right to spread false and  misleading news, which means making other people astray which results in consumer losses in electronic transactions. Deliberately, making a misguided and making consumer losses is a requirement that must be fulfilled. So that in article 45 A paragraph 1, the culprit can be sentenced to six years imprisonment and a fine of Rp1 billion.Researcher's recommendation, It is recommended that the action  qualifications spread hoaxes on social media that accountability can be requested  in a more specific law, namely social media law. This is to anticipate the  development of social media going forward.

 

Keywords: News, Hoax News, Social Media, and ITE Law

 


Keywords


News; Hoax News; Social Media; and ITE Law;

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.35334/ay.v4i1.1022

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