IMPROVING READING COMPREHENSION OF SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS THROUGH SCANNING AND SKIMMING TECHNIQUES

Rahmawati Rahmawati

Abstract


The purpose of this research was to find out the students reading comprehension improvement through scanning and skimming techniques for students in SMA Muhammadiyah Tarakan. This research was quasi experiment. In this research, the researcher used two class. The researcher compared control class and experiment class whether there was any difference and improvement before and after giving treatment. The control class was given by skipping and paraphrasing techniques, meanwhile experiment class was given by scanning and skimming techniques. The subject of this study were XI IIS 3 as the experiment class there were 27 students and XI IIS 2 as the control class there were 26 students. The instruments were reading test that included pretest and posttest. Besides that, the researcher used descriptive analysis to analyze the data and SPSS veersion 22.0 for inferential analysis. The result of this research indicated that there were differences between pretest and posttest in both of the class. It was proven by the result of the students mean score. The students mean score in experiment class of pretest was 47,59 and posttest was 63,70. On the other hand, the students mean score in control class of pretest was 55,19 and posttest was 60,00. It can be seen from both of the class were have improvement. Eventhough, the treatment was different, but the comparison between control and experiment class, the experiment class was got higher improvement after giving the treatment by using scanning and skimming techniques, ratherthan the control class that was given by using skipping and paraphrasing techniques. It means that in experiment class the improvement of the students mean score was 16,11 point. The result of independent sample Ttest in posttest showed that Ttest (1,707) higher than Ttable (1,675). The result of this research there was the students reading comprehension was improve after using scanning and skimming techniques. Then it can be concluded that scanning and skimming can improve the students reading comprehension for studnts in SMA Muhammadiyah Tarakan.


Full Text:

PDF

References


Abita. 1990. Distance Learning Education. City: Publisher.

Adila, R. 2016. The Implementation of Skimming and Scanning in Teaching Reading at SMPN 1 Ngrampal Sragen in 2015/2016 Academic Year. Sragen.

Alderson, C. J. 2000. Assessing Reading. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Andi, A. 2015. The Effectiveness of Skimming-Scanning Sttrategy in Improving Students Reading Comprehension at the Second Grade of SMK Darussalam Makassar. Makassar.

Arikunto, S. 1979. Procedure Penelitian. Yogyakarta: Depdikbud.

Armbruster, C. C., Lehr, F., & Osborn, J. 2003. Put reading first: The research building blocks for teaching children to read(2nd ed.).Washington, DC:Partnership for Reading, a collaborative effort of the National Institute for Literacy, the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, and the U.S. Department of Education. Retrieved March 7, 2005.

Beare, K. 2006. Reading Comprehension Skills Scanning.

Bond, Pinker, & Wasson. 1979. Teaching and Learning Reading. New York: Newbury House.

Brown, H. 2001. Teaching by Principles; An Interactive Approach Language Pedagogy, second edition. New York: Longman.

Bos, S.C. and Vaugh, S. 2009. Strategies for Teaching Students with Learning and Behaviour Problems Seventh Edition. New Jersey: Pearson Education.

Creswell, J. W. 2010. Research Design Pendekatan Kualitatif, Kuantitatif, dan Mixed (edisi ketiga). Yogyakarta: Pustaka Belajar.

Departemen Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan. 1994. Standar Kompetensi Mata Pelajaran Bahasa Inggris. Jakarta: Depdikbud.

Eskey, D. 1986. A New Technique for the Teaching of Reading to Advanced Students. TESOL Quarterly.

Grabe, W., and Stoller, F. L. 2002. Teaching and researching reading. New York: Longman.

Grellet, F. 1981. Developing Reading Skills, A Practical Guide to Reading Comprehension Exercise. New York: Chambridge University Press.

Grellet, F. 1996. Developing Testing Reading Skills.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press

Harmer, J. 2002. The Practical Of English Language Teaching (third edition). London: London Pearson Educational Limited.

Hastowadi. 2016. Teaching Reading By Using Skimming And Scanning Technique To Improve Students Reading Skill On 3rd Semester At The University Of Seventeen August 1945 Banyuwangi 1945 In Academic Year 2015-2016. Banyuwangi.

Hatch, E. and Farhady, H. 1982. Research Design and Statistics for Applied Linguistic. Los Angeles: New Burry House Publishers, Inc.

Heaton, J.B. 1975. Writing English Language Test. London: Longman.

Hill, L. 2000. Contextual Teaching and Learning. Bandung: MLC.

Holden, J. 2004. Creative Reading. London: Demos.

Indriani, I. 2016. Improving Students Reading Comprehension Through Scanning Technique at the Second Grade of SMPN 21 Bandar Lampung. Bandar Lampung.

Kustaryo, S. 1988. Reading Technique for College Students. Jakarta: DEPDIKBUD.

Linan, S.T and Yaughn, S. 2007. Research-Based Methods of Reading Instruction for English Language Learners. United States of America: ASCD Publication.

Liismawati. 2014. The Effect of Using Skimming and Scanning Techniques on the Eleventh Grade Students Reading Comprehension Achievement at SMAN 1 Pesanggaran Banyuwangi. Jember.

Lost. 1983. Developing Reading Skills. Foreign Language Taeching and Research.

Marsiyah. 2009. Increasing Students Reading Comprehension of Narrative Text in SMUN 2 Sekampung. Unpublished Thesis. Bandar Lampung: University of Lampung.

Mickulecky,Beatrice.S and Linda Jefries. 1996. More Reading Power. Longman: Addison-Wesley Publishing.

Noviyanto, B. 2012. Improving Reading Comprehension Skills by Using Jigsaw Technique. Undergraduate paper program at Yogyakarta State University.

Nuttal, C. 1982. Teaching Reading skill in a Foreign Language (New Edition). Heinemann Educational Book: Oxford University Press.

Nuttal, C. 2000. Teaching Reading Skills In a Foreign Language; New Edition. Heinemann: Halley Court, Jordan Hill, Oxford OX2 8EJ.

Pang Elizabeth, S. 2003. Teaching Reading. International Academy of Education.

Pugh,A.K. 1978. Silent Reading-An introduction to its study and teaching. London: Heinemamm Educational Books.

Phillips K., June, Proficiency-based Instruction in Reading: A Teacher Education Module: Application Packet, Indiana: Indiana University of Pennsylvania, 1985.

Pressley, M. 2000. The Case of Balanced Teaching . New York: Guilford Press.

Smith, F. 1982. Understanding Reading a Psycholinguistics Analysis of Reading and Learning to Read. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston.

Segretto, M. 2002. Roadmapping to 8th Grade Reading: Virginia Edition. New York: Princeton Review Publishing, L.L.C.

Setiyadi, A.B. 2006. Metode Penelitian untuk Pengajaran Bahasa Asing. Yogyakarta: Graha Ilmu.

Shohamy, E. 1985. A Practical Handbook in Language Testing for the Second Language Teacher. Israel: Tel Aviv University.

Sukardi. 2003. Metodologi Penelitian Pendidikan Kompetensi dan Prakteknya. Jakarta: Bumi Aksara.

Suparman, U. 2011. Developing Reading Skills and Strategies: Intermediate Level. Tangerang Selatan: Matabaca Publisher.

Suparman, U. 2005. Understanding and Developing Reading Comprehension.Bandar Lampung: Unila Press.

Sutarsyah, C. 2013. Reading Theories and Practice. Bandar Lampung: Lembaga Penelitian Universitas Lampung.

Tamar. 2014. Extensive Reading. Phd. English language teaching methodology.

Thompson, R.A. 2006. Emotion Regulation: Conceptual Foundation. New York: Guilford Press.

Wassman, R., &Rinsky, L.A. 2000. Effective Reading in a Changing World (third edition). New Jersey: Prentice Hall.

Williams, Eddle. 1984. Reading in the Language Classroom. London: Macmillan.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.35334/bjele.v1i2.1151

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.