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PENGETAHUAN TENTANG DIET DIABETES MELITUS BERPENGARUH TERHADAP KEPATUHAN KLIEN MENJALANI DIET

Dewy Haryanti Parman, hadriana parman nyompa

Abstract


Data dari RSU DR. Wahidin Sudirohusodo selama setahun, pasien yang menderita Diabetes Melitus sebanyak 709 orang, yang terdiri dari laki-laki 346 orang, perempuan 363 orang, dan dari data klasifikasi DM, yang luka dibetik sebanyak 71 orang, yang terjadi karena salah satu penyebabnya ketidakpatuhan menjalankan dietnya, banyaknya kasus komplikasi pada DM, sehingga peneliti tertarik melakukan penelitian tentang hubungan tingkat pengetahuan tentang diet DM dengan kepatuhan klien menjalani diet. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah mendapatkan gambaran hubungan tingkat pengetahuan tentang diet DM dengan kepatuhan klien menjalani diet di ruang poliklinik Endokrin RSUP DR. Wahidin Sudirohusodo.Dalam penelitian ini peneliti menggunakan desain penelitian analitik dengan menggunakan metode cross sectional, Populasi adalah semua pasien DM yang datang berobat ke Poliklinik Endokrin. Sampel penelitian menggunakan tehnik Purposive Sampling, Instrumen (alat pengumpul data) yang digunakan adalah kuisioner, analisa yang digunakan pada penelitian ini menggunakan analisis univariat dan bivariat dengan menggunakan uji kai-kuadrat. Hasil dari uhi X2 dengan menggunakan SPSS diperoleh hasil nilai X2 lebih besar dari nilai X2 tabel 0,05, sehingga ada hubungan tingkat pengetahuan tentang diet DM dengan kepatuhan klien menjalani diet, dan nilai P lebih kecil dari intervalnya makin bermakna suatu penelitian. Dan dari nilai odds ratio (7,250) 7,250 kali lebih besar untuk patuh menjalani diet. Kesimpulan: menggambarkan bahwa responden yang berpengetahuan cukup sama besar dengan yang berpengetahuan kurang dan kepatuhan terhadap diet lebih besar dibandingkan dengan yang tidak patuh serta ada hubungan antara tingkat pengetahuan tentang diet Diabetes Melitus dengan kepatuhan klien menjalani diet di Ruang Poliklinik Endokrin RSUP Dr. Wahidin Sudirohusodo Makassar.

 

Kata kunci: Tingkat pengetahuan, Diabetes mellitus, Diet.


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.35334/borticalth.v1i1.415

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