PERBEDAAN PENALARAN FORMAL MAHASISWA PENDIDIKAN GURU MADRASAH IBTIDAIYAH DITINJAU DARI JENIS JURUSAN DI SEKOLAH MENENGAH ATAS

musrikah musrikah

Abstract


Penelitian dilatarbelakangi oleh keberagaman asal jurusan mahasiswa saat mereka di sekolah menengah atas pada mahasiswa baru Pendidikan Guru Madrasah Ibtidaiyah. Perbedaan tersebut mengakibatkan perbedaan materi ajar yang mereka dapatkan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis perbedaan penalaran formal mahasiswa baru dalam  melakukan penalaran formal berdasarkan jenis jurusan di sekolah menengah. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian uji beda 3 sampel. Sampel  penelitian adalah mahasiswa Pendidkan Guru Madrasah Ibtidaiyah semester dua IAIN Tulungagung yang belum memperoleh materi geometri sewaktu di perguruan tinggi. Instrumen yang digunakan  adalah  pilihan respon benar atau  salah  sebanyak sepuluh  item pada materi kongruensi segitiga. Data yang diperoleh dianalisis menggunakan uji  Uji Mann-Whitney  dan Uji Kruskal Wallis. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa secara bersama-sama, tidak ada perbedaan yang signifikan pada penalaran formal mahasiswa baru yang berasal dari  sekolah menengah atas  jurusan IPA, Non  IPA, dan Sekolah Menengah Kejuruan (SMK). Sedangkan secara sendiri-sendiri tampak bahwa tidak ada perbedaan penalaran formal mahasiswa dari jurusan IPA dan non-IPA, tidak ada perbedaan  penalaran formal mahasiswa dari jurusan IPA dan SMK, serta tidak ada perbedaan penalaran formal mahasiswa Non-IPA dengan SMK.

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